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Historical Study A-12 INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT AND COOPERATION IN THE MODERN WORLD Professors Andrew Moravcsik and A.I. Johnston Spring 2004 This course is an introduction to the causes and character of international conflict and cooperation, both in military and economic affairs. Historical cases will be used to examine various theories of international politics and to expand our understanding of the range of possible forms of international behavior. Requirements: Lectures are given on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 10:00-11:30 AM in Lowell Lecture Hall. In addition, sections will meet every week for one and one-half hours. Sections will begin meeting the week of February 16, and attendance in sections is mandatory. There will be a midterm exam during the term and a final exam at the end of the course. The midterm will be a take-home exam distributed at the end of lecture on Thursday, March 18, and due by 10:00 AM on Tuesday, March 23. Seniors writing honors theses may elect not to take the midterm exam if they notify their section leader at least one week before the exam is distributed. Failure to take the midterm without a documented excuse (e.g., doctor’s note) will result automatically in a failing grade for the course. The final exam will be scheduled by the registrar’s office. There will be five short (two-page, 500 words) written assignments during the term. These response papers are intended to help students develop the skills needed for the examinations, and to provide students with regular feedback from section leaders about their grasp of the course material. These papers will be graded and will comprise roughly one-half of your section participation grade. Grading: The final exam will count for 40% of your final grade (70% for senior thesis writers not taking the midterm), the mid-term for 30%, and section participation (including written work) for 30%. Grading of exams and papers will be done by your TF, under supervision of the faculty, and will be doublechecked to ensure uniformity across sections. TFs are not permitted to change grades, except in cases of arithmetic errors. The only other way to change a grade is to have the exam or paper in question re-graded by the professors, without knowledge of the previous grade and with the possibility of the grade either increasing or decreasing. If you wish to invoke this option, contact the head TF. Deadlines and Penalties: Failure to fulfill any course requirement, including section participation, automatically leads to failure of the course. Late work will be penalized 1/3 grade per day or any part thereof. In other words, a B+ becomes a B if it is up to one day late. Attendance will count towards the section participation grade, and students who are absent from three or more sections without a medical or other appropriate excuse, approved in advance by the TF, will automatically fail the course. Plagiarism: Please read and familiarize yourself with the statement on plagiarism available on the course web site. If you are still uncertain as to what constitutes plagiarism please to not hesitate to contact your section leader or the head TF. Plagiarism is a very serious academic offense. Harvard faculty can use various internet-based programs for detecting plagiarism if necessary. Sectioning: Electronic sectioning will open as soon as section times and rooms have been confirmed, and an announcement will be posted on the course web site. Sectioning is currently scheduled to close at the end of the day on Friday, February 13. Section assignments should be available by e-mail and on the web site no later than Sunday, February 15. Sections will begin the week of February 16. It is extremely important that you participate in electronic sectioning. Students failing to do so should contact the head TF as soon as possible, but are not guaranteed to be able to participate in the course. Readings: Most readings for the course are available in the sourcebook, online, or in books available for purchase at the Coop, and can also be found on reserve at Lamont and Hilles. The syllabus is carefully marked into indicate where each reading may be found. Readings not otherwise marked can be found in the sourcebook, which will be available for purchase and on reserve at Lamont and Hilles. This term, sourcebooks may be ordered online at http://www.hpps.harvard.edu/coursepacks and picked up in the stockroom in the Science Center basement. Films: Several films will be shown to complement the readings, lectures and section discussions. Each film will be shown on two different evenings during the week for which it is assigned. Attendance is mandatory. Material from the films may be discussed in section and will appear on written examinations. Course web site: Essential course materials, including the course syllabus, lecture handouts, section information, final exam announcements, and course-related links can be found on the web site at http://courses.fas.harvard.edu/~hsa12. Important announcements will also be made in lecture and by email. Contact Information for Professors: Professor Moravcsik’s office is at the Center for European Studies, 27 Kirkland Street. He may be reached at [email protected] or 5-4303, ext. 205. Professor Johnston’s office is at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, 1033 Massachusetts Avenue, and he may be reached at [email protected] or 6-3965. Contact Information for Teaching Fellows: The head teaching fellow for the course is James Perry. All questions concerning course policies and sectioning, in particular, should be directed to him. He may be reached at [email protected] or (617) 868-4006. The other teaching fellows are Deborah Boucoyannis ([email protected]), Andy Kennedy ([email protected]), Gregg Peeples ([email protected]), and Erin Simpson ([email protected]). Office hours and biographies for teaching fellows and professors are available on the course web site. SUMMARY OF KEY DATES Electronic Sectioning: Through February 13 Section Lists Posted: By Sunday, February 15 via e-mail and on the web site First Section Meetings: Week of Monday, February 16 Midterm: Distributed – Thursday, March 18, after lecture Due – Tuesday, March 23, 10:00 (before lecture) LECTURES Date Lecture Th 2/5 Introductory Lecture: The First 10,000 Years (AM and AIJ) Tu 2/10 Th 2/12 An Introduction to International Relations Theory (AM) Ancient Statecraft: The Peloponnesian War and the Warring States Period (AIJ) Tu 2/17 Th 2/19 The Classical European Balance of Power and the Concert of Europe, 1500-1860 (AIJ) The Rise of Germany and the Origins of World War I (AIJ) Tu 2/24 Th 2/26 From Mercantilism to “Laissez Faire”: Trade and Comparative Advantage, 1500-1900 (AM) The Rise and Fall of British Imperialism (AM) Tu 3/2 Th 3/4 The Liberal Response: Collective Security & the League of Nations (AM) The World Economic Crisis: Depression and Interwar Political Economy (AM) Tu 3/9 Th 3/11 Ideology and Conflict I: The Origins of WWII (AIJ) Ideology and Conflict II: The Origins of the Cold War (AIJ) Tu 3/16 Th 3/18 The Middle East in World Politics (AIJ) East Asia in World Politics (AIJ) Tu 3/23 Th 3/25 Benign Hegemony and the Postwar International Trading Regime (AM) Power and Interdependence: Oil and other Commodity Cartels (AM) 3/27 – 4/4 Spring Recess Tu 4/6 Th 4/8 Cronyism or the Herd: Globalization, International Financial Relations, and the Asian Crisis (AIJ) Tu 4/13 Th 4/15 The New Sovereignty I: What Every Undergraduate Needs to Know about Int’l Law (AM) The New Sovereignty II: Setting and Enforcing Global Human Rights Norms (AM) Tu 4/20 Th 4/22 The Rise of China (AIJ) Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction (AIJ) Tu 4/27 Th 4/29 Interventionism after the Cold War: The New Imperialism versus the Responsibility to Protect (AIJ) Tu 5/4 Th 5/6 The Future of International Relations: A Harvard Panel (guest speakers) Whither the New World Order? Class Debate and Discussion (AM and AIJ) Free or Fair? Globalization and the New Politics of Trade Liberalization (AM) The New Sovereignty III: The Environment and Global Civil Society (AM) Note: AM = Andrew Moravcsik, AIJ = A.I. Johnston REQUIRED READINGS Notes: The readings are grouped according to the week of section in which they are discussed. “Week 1,” therefore, refers to the topics and readings to be discussed in the first section meeting, during the week of February 16-20. These topics are covered in lecture, however, during the first two weeks of the course. * - Designates books available for purchase at the Coop ⊗ - Designates readings available online (and linked through the course web site) ! - Designates readings available only on reserve Readings not otherwise marked may be found in the sourcebook, and copies of all readings should also be on reserve at Lamont and Hilles. WEEK 1: THE FIRST 10,000 YEARS – CLASSIC VISIONS OF WORLD POLITICS (225 PP.) The First 10,000 Years Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, selections from “Collision at Cajamarca”, “Farmer Power”, “From Egalitarianism to Kleptocracy”, and “Hemispheres Colliding,” pp. 67-81, 86-92, 278-282, 288-292, 360-363, 409-417. Victor D. Hanson, Carnage and Culture: Landmark Battles in the Rise of Western Power, pp. 440-443, 444-448. ! Ross Hassig, “The Immolation of Hernán Cortés: Tenochtitlán, June 30, 1521,” in Robert Cowley, What If? (New York: Putnam’s Sons, 1999), pp. 121-138. Joseph Nye, “Counterfactuals,” in Understanding International Conflict (1st ed.), pp. 42-45. Classic Visions of World Politics: Realism and its Critics Robin Fox, “Fatal Attraction: War and Human Nature”, The National Interest, vol. 30, (1992 /93), pp. 1120. Hans Morgenthau, “A Realist Theory of International Politics”, Politics Among Nations, pp. 3-14. Immanuel Kant, "Perpetual Peace, Section II: Containing the Definitive Articles for Perpetual Peace Among States", from Immanuel Kant, On History, (1st ed), translated by Lewis White Beck, Robert E. Anchor and Emil L. Fackenheim. (1963, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1963), pp. 128-135. Andrew Moravcsik, "Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics", in International Organization, vol. 51, no. 4. (1997), pp. 513-533, 541-547 John Mueller, “The Obsolescence of Major War” in Betts, ed., Conflict after the Cold War, pp. 19-29. Louis Henkin, “The Politics of Law-Making,” in Charlotte Ku and Paul F. Diehl, eds. International Law (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1998), pp. 17-20. Ancient Greece Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, “Introduction”, pp. xiii-xviii. (Walter Blanco, trans). Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War (Rex Warner, trans.) “Introduction”, pp. 35-38 “The Dispute over Corcyra”, pp. 53-67. “The Debate at Sparta and Declaration of War”, pp. 72-87. “Pericles’ Funeral Oration”, pp. 143-151. “Mytilene Debate”, pp. 212-223. “Melian Dialogue”, pp. 400-408. Warring States Period ⊗ Victoria Tin-bor Hui, “Why Did Balancing Fail in the Ancient Chinese System?” Paper prepared for delivery at the 2002 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, August 29September 1, 2002, pp. 1-45, 67-86. ! Walker, Richard L. The Multi-State System of Ancient China. Hamden, Conn.: ShoeString Press, 1953, pp. 73-95. WEEK 2: 19TH CENTURY EUROPEAN BALANCE OF POWER AND WORLD WAR I (342 PP.) General Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, “Introduction” and “Epilogue”, pp. xxii-xxiii, 536-539. The Classical European State System * Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy, "The Concert of Europe", "Two Revolutionaries", and "Realpolitik Turns on Itself", pp. 78-102, 103-136, 137-167. Gordon Craig and Alexander George, "Balance of Power, 1815-1914: Three Experiments" in Craig and George, Force and Statecraft: Diplomatic Problems of Our Time, pp. 25-42. Peter Gay, The Cultivation of Hatred, pp. 252-258. The Causes of World War I * Kissinger, Diplomacy, "A Political Doomsday Machine" & "Into the Vortex", pp. 168-217. ! Laurence Lafore, "The Bones of a Pomeranian Grenadier", The Long Fuse, pp. 141-45, 147-48, 151-85. Eric Hobsbawn, The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914-1991 (1994), (“The Age of Total War”), pp. 21-35. Marc Trachtenberg, "The Coming of the First World War", in History and Strategy, pp. 47-99. Norman Angell, The Great Illusion (1911), selections from "Synopsis" and "The Impossibility of Confiscation", pp. vii-ix, 50-55. ⊗ Robert Jervis, "Cooperation Under the Security Dilemma", World Politics, vol. 30, no. 2 (1978), pp. 312-329. Niall Ferguson, “What If?” The Pity of War, pp. 457-462. ! James Chase, “Bismarck’s Empire: Stillborn”; David Clay Large, “Thanks, but No Cigar”; and Dennis Showalter, “Armistice of Desperation,” in Robert Cowley, What If? (New York: Putnam’s Sons, 1999), pp. 288-293. POLICY CASE: Postwar Conference to Assess the Blame for World War I Students simulate a conference of national delegations to assess the blame of various countries for the outbreak of World War I. ⊗ The July Crisis: A Chronology Documents: July 1914: The Outbreak of the First World War, translated and edited by Immanuel Geiss, pp. 77-80, 122-124, 200-201, 258-260, 282-287, 309-313. WEEK 3: FREE TRADE AND IMPERIALISM IN THE 19TH CENTURY GLOBAL ECONOMY (218 PP.) Free Trade * Thomas Lairson and David Skidmore, International Political Economy, pp. 17-27, 43-57, 161-65, 229230. Adam Smith, "The Wealth of Nations" in Zahariadis, ed., Contending Perspectives in International Political Economy, pp. 3-5. Alexander Hamilton, "Report on Manufactures", Selection reprinted in George Crane and Abla Amawi, eds. The Theoretical Evolution of International Political Economy, pp. 37-41. * Mark Brawley, Turning Points, "Britain’s Repeal of the Corn Laws" and "The Cobden-Chevalier Treaty", Chs.10, 11,12, pp. 197-205, 209-218. ⊗ Arthur Stein, "The Hegemon’s Dilemma: Great Britain, the United States, and Intl. Economic Order", International Organization, vol. 38. no 2 (1984), pp. 355-372. European Imperialism John A. Hobson, "Imperialism: A Study" in H. Wright, ed., The ‘New Imperialism’, pp. 5-34, 36-39. Ronald Robinson and John Gallagher, "The Imperialism of Free Trade" and "The Partition of Africa", in The ‘New Imperialism’, pp. 134-148, 151-158. Tony Smith, "Introduction" and "The Dynamics of Imperialism", in The Pattern of Imperialism, pp. 1549. Nicolas Mansergh, "Diplomatic Reasons for Expansion", in The ‘New Imperialism’, pp. 114-124. ! Adam Hochschild, King Leopold’s Ghost, pp. 1-3, 11-16, 140-149, 158-166, 186-194. WEEK 4: LIBERALISM AND ITS CRITICS – INTERWAR COOPERATION AND CONFLICT (152 PP.) General ⊗ Michael W. Doyle, "Liberalism in World Politics", American Political Science Review, vol. 80, no. 4 (1986), pp. 1151-69. Constructing the Interwar International Security Order * Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy, "The New Face of Diplomacy", "The Dilemmas of the Victors", and "Stresemann and the Re-emergence of the Vanquished", pp. 218-245, 246-265, 266-287. Kendrick A. Clements, "Failure and Hope", in Woodrow Wilson: World Statesman, pp. 197-220. ⊗ Woodrow Wilson, Speeches: “Peace Without Victory” (22 January 1917); “War Message to Congress” (2 April 1917); “Fourteen Points,” (8 January 1918). ⊗ Haile Selassie, “Appeal to the League of Nations” (10 pp.) Constructing the Interwar International Economic Order *Thomas Lairson and David Skidmore, International Political Economy, pp. 57-64. Eric Hobsbawn, The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914-1991 (1994), “Into the Economic Abyss”, pp. 97-102. *Mark Brawley, Turning Points, "The Passage of the Smooth-Hawley Tariff", ch.14, pp. 253-261. ⊗ Arthur Stein, "A Hegemon’s Dilemma: Great Britain, The United States, and International Economic Order", International Organization, vol. 38., no 2. (1984), pp. 373-376. Charles Kindleberger, "An Explanation of the 1929 Depression", in The World in Depression (1983), pp. 288-305. WEEK 5: IDEOLOGY AND CONFLICT – THE ORIGINS OF WORLD WAR II AND THE COLD WAR (276 PP.) World War II * Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy, "The End of the Illusion" and "Stalin’s Bazaar", pp. 288-318, 332-349. Gerhard L. Weinberg, Selection from "From One War to Another", in A World At Arms: A Global History of World War II, pp. 17-47. A.J.P. Taylor, Selection from "The Half-Armed Peace" and "War for Danzig", in Origins of the Second World War, pp. 102-109, 272-278. ⊗ Scott D. Sagan, "The Origins of the Pacific War", The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol. 18, no. 4 (Spring, 1988), pp. 893-914, 917-18, 919-920, 922. Eric Hobsbawn, The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914-1991 (1994), “The Age of Total War”, pp. 36-53. ! Kita Ikki, “General Outline of Measures for the Reorganization of Japan, 1923,” in David John Lu, ed., Sources of Japanese History, vol. 2 (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974), pp. 130-36. The Cold War *Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy, "The Beginnings of the Cold War", pp. 423-445. ! Adam B. Ulam, Selection from “The Aging God,” in Stalin: The Man and His Era, pp. 640-661, 678-699 John Lewis Gaddis, "Cold War Empires: Europe", in What We Now Know, pp. 26-53. ⊗ Tom Christensen, “Threats, Assurances, and the Last Chance for Peace: The Lessons of Mao's Korean War Telegrams,” International Security 17:1 (Summer 1992), pp. 122-154. ⊗ "April 17, 1950 Summary of NSC-68", pp. 1-6. "The Norikov Telegram, Sept. 27, 1946. WEEK 6: LIMITED AND UNLIMITED CONFLICT IN THE COLD WAR (236 PP.) Film “Dr. Strangelove” (Peter Sellers and George C. Scott, directed by Stanley Kubrick, 1964, 93 min.) Nuclear Weapons Robert Jervis, "The Political Effects of Nuclear Weapons", International Security, vol. 13, no. 2 (1988), pp. 80-90. ⊗ John J. Mearsheimer; "Back to the Future. Instability in Europe After the Cold War", International Security, vol. 15 (1990), pp. 10-31. (NB: Not the whole article.) Marc Trachtenberg, "The Influence of Nuclear Weapons on the Cuban Missile Crisis" in History and Strategy, pp. 235-260. “Tuesday, October 16, 6:30pm, Cabinet Room,” in Kennedy Tapes: Inside the White House During the Cuban Missile Crisis, eds., Ernest R. May and Philip D. Zelikow (Cambridge, MA: 1997), pp. 88-91, 170-172. Limited War in Vietnam, Korea and Afghanistan Larry Addington, America's War in Vietnam, pp. 57-96. Norman Podhoretz, “Why Were we in Vietnam,” Commentary, pp. 174-210. Michael Walzer, “Interventions”, in Just and Unjust Wars, ch. 6, pp. 86-108. ! Leslie Gelb, "Vietnam: The System Worked," Foreign Policy 3 (Summer 1971), 140-167. ! Yuen Foong Khong, “The Lessons of Korea and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965”, in George Breslauer and Philip Tetlock, Learning in US and Soviet Foreign Policy, pp. 302-334, 336-344. WEEK 7: POSTWAR ECONOMIC REGIMES IN TRADE, FINANCE, AND OIL (256 PP.) General Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye, “Interdependence in World Politics” in Power and Interdependence, pp. 3-19. Robert Keohane, "A Functional Theory of International Regimes", After Hegemony, pp. 85-97, 107-9, 135-150, 187-190. Postwar International Regimes in Trade, Finance, and Oil * Thomas Lairson and David Skidmore, International Political Economy, pp. 71-89, 94-96, 116-30, and 147-55. Barry Eichengreen and Peter B. Kenen, "Managing the World Economy under the Bretton Woods System", in Kenen, ed., Managing the World Economy, pp. 3-18, 21-27. ⊗Address by General George C. Marshall, Secretary of State of the United States at Harvard University, June 5, 1947. ⊗ Arthur Stein, "A Hegemon’s Dilemma: Great Britain, The United States, and International Economic Order", International Organization, Vol. 38:2 (1984), pp. 376-386. Helen Milner, "Trading Places: Industries for Free Trade", in World Politics, vol. 40 (April, 1988), pp. 350-376 (NB: Seven pages are edited out.) The Postwar International Oil Regime * Lairson and Skidmore, International Political Economy, pp. 285-295. ! Daniel Yergin, “The Oil Weapon” and “Bidding for Our Life”, in The Prize: The Quest for Oil, Money and Power, pp. 588-597, 602-609, 613-632. ! Joan Spero, "Oil and Cartel Power", in The Politics of International Economic Relations, ch. 9, pp. 261298. Robert Tucker, “Oil: The Issue of American Intervention”, Commentary, vol. 59 (1975), pp. 21-31. Stanley Hoffmann, “The Response to Tucker”, in Commentary, vol. 59 (1975), pp. 4-5. WEEK 8: THE NEW GLOBALIZATION (301 PP.) Managing Global Debt and Finance * Lairson and Skidmore, International Political Economy, pp. 373-411. * Mark Brawley, Turning Points, "Brazil’s Responses to the Debt Crisis", pp. 311-327. ⊗ Joseph Stiglitz, "The Insider", in The New Republic, April 17, 2000. ⊗ Robert Wade, “Wheels within Wheels: Rethinking the Asian Crisis and the Asian Model,” Annual Review of Political Science 3 (2000), pp. 85-115. ⊗ Giancarlo Corsetti, Paolo Pesenti and Nouriel Roubini, “What Caused the Asian Currency and Financial Crisis? Part II: The Policy Debate,” September 1998. (http://www.stern.nyu.edu/globalmacro/asian_crisis/basic_readings.html) ⊗ Stanley Fischer, “The Asian Financial Crisis: A View from the IMF” (January 1998). (http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/1998/012298.htm) Competitiveness among Advanced Industrial States * Lairson and Skidmore, International Political Economy, pp. 161-70, 178-86, 192-98, and 226-231. North-South Trade Relations * Lairson and Skidmore, International Political Economy, pp. 295-301. * Mark Brawley, "South Korea Opts for Export-Oriented Industrialization", in Turning Points, pp. 279292. ∗ Paul Krugman, “Does Third World Growth Hurt Third World Prosperity?,” “The Illusion of Conflict in International Trade,” “What Do Undergrads Need to Know about Trade?” and “The Uncomfortable Truth about NAFTA,” in Paul Krugman, Pop Internationalism, pp. 49-84, 117-125, 155-165. Michael Clancy, “Sweating the Swoosh: Nike, the Globalization of Sneakers, and the Question of Sweatshop Labor,” Pew Case Studies in International Affairs, Georgetown University, 2000. 14 pp. * Dani Rodrick, Has Globalization Gone too Far? 1-85. POLICY ANALYSIS: The Vote to Renew “Fast-Track” Trade Authority in the U.S. Senate Should the U.S. Senate have renewed “fast track” authority for trade negotiation in 2001? Students will research and represent different domestic groups and foreign governments. http://www.citizen.org/trade/fasttrack/index.cfm http://www.epinet.org/briefingpapers/bp118.html WEEK 9: IDEALPOLITIK—THE PROMOTION OF UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS (244 PP.) Are Human Rights Universal? ⊗ Universal Declaration of Human Rights ⊗ “Democracy Can’t Guarantee Good Government,” The Straits Times (November 21, 1992) (summary of Lee Kuan Yew speech on Asian values and democracy). ⊗ Amartya Sen, "Universal Truths", Harvard International Review, (Summer, 1998), pp. 1-4. ⊗ African Human Rights Charter The Promotion of Human Rights ⊗ Samantha Power, “Bystanders to Genocide,” Atlantic Monthly (September 2001). * Michael Ignatieff, "Justice and Revenge" in Virtual War. Kosovo and Beyond, pp. 115-134. * Margaret Keck and Kathryn Sikkink, (selections); “Preface” and “Transnational Advocacy Networks in International Politics” and “Human Rights Networks,” in Activists Beyond Borders, pp. vi-x, 8-34, 79-110, 116-120. ⊗ David Rieff, “The Precarious Triumph of Human Rights,” The New York Times Magazine (8 August 1999). Jack Snyder, From Voting to Violence: Democratization and Nationalist Conflict, pp. 313-20, 338-353. Anne-Marie Slaughter, "Memorandum to the President" in Toward an International Criminal Court? A Council Policy Initiative, pp. 1-18. POLICY CASE: The Trial of Dr. Henry Kissinger Where universal jurisdiction or an international court for “crimes against humanity” exists, should Henry Kissinger be convicted under international law? If so, for what? Students will represent prosecution, defense, and judges in a special session for this simulation. Paul Sondrol, “The 'English' Patient: General Augusto Pinochet and International Law,” Pew Cases in International Affairs, Georgetown University, 2000. 11 pp. ⊗ Marc Weller, “On the Hazards of Foreign Travel for Dictators and other International Criminals” International Affairs, Vol. 75, No. 3 (July 1999), pp. 599-603, 606-608, 610-611, and 614-617. * Christopher Hitchens, The Trial of Henry Kissinger (2001), ix-xi, 6-16, 25-43, 55-71, 127-131. ⊗ Henry Kissinger, “The Pitfalls of Universal Jurisdiction,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 80. No. 4, (July/August 2001), pp. 86-96. ⊗ Christopher Hitchens, “Court Time for Henry,” The Nation 273:14 (5 November 2001), pp. 9ff. WEEK 10: NEW ISSUES IN SECURITY: THE RISE OF CHINA AND THE PROBLEM OF TERRORISM (206 PP.) Film “The Battle of Algiers” (Jean Martin, directed by Gillo Pontocorvo, 1966, 123 mins.) The Rise of China ⊗ John Mearsheimer, “The Future of the American Pacifier,” Foreign Affairs, September/October 2001, pp. 46-61. ⊗ Aaron Friedberg, “11 September and the Future of Sino-American Relations,” Survival 44:1 (Spring 2002), pp. 33-50. ! Alastair Iain Johnston, “China's International Relations: The Political and Security Dimensions,” in Samuel S. Kim, ed., Northeast Asia in World Politics (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003). The Means and Ends of Contemporary Terrorism ⊗ Richard K. Betts, "The New Threat of Mass Destruction," Foreign Affairs (Jan/Feb 1998), pp. 26-40. John Arquilla, David Ronfeldt and Michele Zanini, "Information-age Terrorism," Current History (April 2000), pp. 179-185. ⊗ Bernard Lewis, "License to Kill," Foreign Affairs (November/December 1998), pp. 14-20. ⊗ Fareed Zakaria, “The Roots of Rage,” Newsweek (Vol. 138, No. 16), pp. 22-40. ⊗ Douglas Jehl, “Holy War Lured Saudis as Rulers Looked Away,” The New York Times (December 27, 2001), p. A1. ⊗ Eva Bellin, Ash Carter, Philip Heymann, David Little, Louise Richardson, and Jessica Stern, “Understanding Terrorism,” Harvard Magazine (Jan-Feb 2002), pp. 26-49, 99-103. ⊗ Robert A. Pape, “Dying to Kill Us,” New York Times, September 22, 2003, p. A17. WEEK 11: GLOBAL COMMONS AND THE FUTURE OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (327 PP.) Intervention and Nation-Building after the Cold War ⊗ Maria Misra, “The Empire Strikes Back”, The New Statesman (12 November 2001). ⊗ Richard Falk, “In Defense of `Just War’ Thinking,” Nation (24 December 2001), pp. 23-24, 26-27. ⊗ Gareth Evans and Mohamed Sahnoun, “The Responsibility to Protect,” Foreign Affairs (November/December 2002). ⊗ Stephen Peter Rosen, “An Empire, If You Can Keep It,” National Interest (Spring 2003), pp. 51-61. ⊗ Jack Snyder, “Imperial Temptations,” National Interest (Spring 2003), pp. 29-40. The Environment in International Politics Gareth Porter and Janet Welsh Brown, "The Development of Environmental Regimes: Nine Case Studies", "Conclusion" and "Trade and the Environment", in Porter and Brown eds., Global Environmental Politics, (1996), pp. 67-81, 105-106. Jeremy Rabkin, "The Value of Sovereignty and the Costs of Global Environmentalism," in: Terry L. Anderson and Henry I. Miller, eds., The Greening of U.S. Foreign Policy (Stanford: Hoover Press, 2000). ⊗ Lawrence H. Summers, "Internal Memo", "Post-Script", The Economist (12 December 1991), p. 1. ⊗ The Economist, “Oh No, Kyoto,” (April 7-13th 2001). (3 pp.). ⊗ Daniel Bodansky, "Bonn Voyage: Kyoto's Uncertain Revival," National Interest (Fall 2001), pp. 45-55. The Long-Term Prognosis for World Politics ⊗ Francis Fukuyama, "The End of History", The National Interest, vol. 16 (Summer, 1989), pp. 3-18. ! Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (Simon & Schuster, 1996), chapters 1, 2, and 9. ⊗ Jessica Matthews, "Power Shift", Foreign Affairs (1997), pp. 2-14. ⊗ Anne-Marie Slaughter, "The Real New World Order", Foreign Affairs, (Sept-Oct 1997), pp. 183-197. ⊗ Joseph Nye, “Seven Tests: Between Concert and Unilateralism,” The National Interest 66 (Winter 2001/2002), pp. 5-13. ⊗ Francis Fukuyama, “Second Thoughts: The Last Man in a Bottle,” The National Interest (Summer 1999), pp. 16-44.